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The Department of Anaesthesia at Starcare Hospital provides first-class treatment, assisting surgeons from different departments to perform surgical procedures for patients suffering from various health illnesses. Our hospital has the healthcare infrastructure to offer Spinal Anaesthesia, General Anaesthesia, and Local Anaesthesia. Our anesthesiologists are highly trained to provide anesthesia for patients suffering from other associated illnesses. Our hospital staffs in the Anaesthesia department are available around the clock to provide treatment in emergency cases.

Anesthesia which means loss of sensation enables the painless performance of any surgical procedure. It was found in 1846 by William TG Morton, who publicly demonstrated the use of diethyl ether as a surgical anesthetic. We celebrate World Anaesthesia Day on October 16, which in some countries is called Ether Day. Anaesthesia is a state of controlled temporary loss of sensation and awareness that is induced for medical purposes. It depends on the surgery being done and the age and medical conditions of the patient.

There are three types of anesthesia:

Minimally invasive treatments, such as those for cataracts or skin biopsies, may make use of local anaesthesia to numb only the affected region. Patient won't find themselves asleep during the treatment.

The epidural used to reduce labour pain is one example of regional anaesthesia, as is the numbing of the arm prior to hand surgery.

Local Anaesthesia

Just outside of the spinal fluid sac, the physician injects medication. The term "epidural space" describes this region of the body. A local anaesthetic suppresses sensation in a specific area of the body, reducing or eliminating discomfort during a surgical or medical operation. Within 10-20 minutes, the drug begins to effect. It's effective regardless of prolonged procedures. An epidural is often used to ease labour pains for women. It's common practice to leave a catheter (a thin tube) in situ. A catheter allows for the injection of local anaesthesia for further discomfort medication before, during, and after medical procedures.

Spinal Anaesthesia

A medication is injected into the cerebrospinal fluid by a physician. There is no need for a catheter since the spinal anaesthesia procedure is done once and for all. There is an instantaneous response to the medication.

General Anaesthesia

Brain, chest, and abdominal operations often need general anaesthesia. It is given before surgery in order to induce sleep, keeping the patient unconscious throughout the procedure.

To help patients relax sufficiently to unconscious during operations including tooth extraction, heart catheterization, and certain colonoscopies, sedation is often used.

How to prepare for anesthesia

Certain drugs can cause adverse reactions with anaesthesia or elevate the chance of complications. Patient should fast for at least 8 hours prior to hospital visit unless instructed otherwise by doctor. For optimal outcomes, one should abstain from smoking for at least two weeks. Blood pressure medications should be taken with a little amount of water. An anesthesiologist may use one or more forms of anaesthesia during a procedure. Anti-nausea medicine might also be prescribed. At our Starcare Hospital, our anesthesiologist will keep an eye on BP, o2 levels, pulse, and heart rate to ensure patient’s health and safety. Any problems, such as anaphylaxis or a shift in vital signs, are quickly identified and treated.

Patient will get instructions on how to deal with the discomfort following surgery from the anaesthetics. Medications to alleviate discomfort before, during, and after surgery will be prescribed.

After getting anaesthesia for procedures using local anaesthesia, people can return to work after the treatment. For regional and general anaesthesia, it need more time to recover. Patient should have someone to drive them home. No alcohol consumption for 24 hours. Only take medicines prescribed by the consultant.

Most of the side effects of anaesthesia go away within 24 hours. It depends on the anaesthesia type and how the provider administers it. People may experience back pain or muscle pain, fatigue, difficulty urinating, headaches, itching, nausea or vomiting, pain and redness at the injection site, sore throat etc.

Certain factors make it riskier to receive anaesthesia, including diabetes, kidney disease for patients with a medical history, a family history of malignant hyperthermia, high blood pressure or stroke, lung disease, asthma, obesity and seizures.

Anaesthetic drugs can stay in the system for up to 24 hours. If there is difficulty breathing, swelling, numbness, or paralysis anywhere in the body, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing after anaesthesia, or any other experience, patient should seek the healthcare provider's advice.

Anaesthesia is given in a number of ways, such as ointments, sprays or drops, or as an injection into the veins. Anaesthetics are trained to support surgical intervention, but many also specialize in particular areas, including cardiac anaesthesia for heart surgery, pediatric anaesthesia for children, neuroanesthesia for surgery in the nervous system, and obstetrics during labour and delivery. Dr Azhar Mubarak, an anesthesiologist at Starcare Hospital, Calicut, is a well-experienced healthcare professional.

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  • Dr. Aparna Premarajan



MBBS, MD (Anaesthesiology), DNB, IDCCM



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Dr. Aparna Premarajan

Dr. Aparna Premarajan


Specialist - Anaesthesiology

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Dr. Aparna Premarajan

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