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Complication of Diabetes

August 18, 2021

Diabetes is a common disease which affects the human and at the extreme condition, it will create more health complications. Diabetes is a disease that is due to a change in blood sugar level. The change in blood glucose level influences the pH blood level. The complications are severe to the patients when they have irregular blood sugar levels. Diabetic complications act as a catalyst combining with other diseases or illnesses and making it a severe infection. The Diabetes generally show its complication in both acute and chronic. Depending on the body condition of an individual, diabetes complications can be observed. 

Acute

Acute is a diabetic complication condition where the severity of diabetes symptoms are rapidly been observed in the patient. The acute condition shows extreme and emergency at the very first occurrence of diabetes. Acute diabetes can be identified if the patients undergo the following,

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis is an acute symptom and a medical emergency of the diabetic condition. DKA makes the liver produce ketone bodies which are produced in the metabolism. The stagnant of ketone bodies decreases the blood pH level and hence the serious complications are observed. Some of the symptoms of DKA are abdominal pain and dehydration. DKA diabetes ends up creating complications that lead to death. The early medication and treatment is the only available remedy for avoiding acute diabetes.

Hyperglycemia Hyperosmolar State

Hyperglycemia is another acute complication that happens due to the higher insulin level in the blood level. The high insulin makes the water to drain out from blood and hence the kidney pushes out the water from the body through urination. Thus the glucose is reduced and diabetic complications arise when drained water is not regenerated thus resulting in dehydration. This kind of acute diabetic condition is common in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. 

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a lower insulin level in the blood that indicates the patient is suffering from Acute Diabetes. The symptoms are sweaty, weak and agitated. Diabetic patients experience immobilized panic and their nervous system is greatly affected. Extreme condition of hypoglycemia leads to coma and brain damage. The main cause is due to irregular insulin medication timing. The general treatment for hypoglycemia is taking high sugary foods or liquids that help the patient to maintain the blood sugar level and thus eliminating the risk of glucose counterregularity.

Diabetic Coma

Diabetic Come is a serious diabetic complication and it is caused mainly due to the mentioned acute diabetes. The ignorance or the late medication for acute diabetes has severe health complications. Diabetic coma indicates that the chance of regaining the healthy body condition is difficult and hence it may end up in death. 

Chronic

Chronic is a diabetic condition that starts to show its symptoms and health problems over a period of time. Chronic diabetes is a diabetic condition that is common and it is greatly observed at the last stage of human life. The type of diabetes differs from individual to individual health condition. The chronic diabetes symptoms observed are identified based on the following,

Microangiopathy

Microangiopathy is a diabetic complication where the small blood vessels are damaged. The damaged blood vessel tends to insulin loss and hence the irregularity of blood sugar level is formed. Microangiopathy causes and creates health complications along with diabetes. 
  • Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Diabetic Encephalopathy
  • Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
  • Periodontal Disease

Macrovascular Disease

Chronic Diabetes is the main cause of macrovascular disease that greatly damage the macro blood vessels thus creating major health complications. Chronic diabetes gradually erodes the large blood vessels and thus the pumping of blood gets dysfunctional. The macrovascular disease combined with diabetes leads to cardiovascular disease. The common symptoms of macrovascular disease are,
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Diabetic myonecrosis
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Stroke
  • Female infertility

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction is a chronic condition that is caused by diabetes. Most men with diabetes undergo erectile dysfunction problems at any of their stages. The main cause is that diabetes damage the small blood vessels and nerves that flow through the erection organ. Due to this, the blood flow is affected thus affecting the erection during sex. The ED is temporary and it can be reversed by proper medication and treatment. The erection problem in diabetic patients can be solved by taking oral medication that initiates the required blood flow for an erection. The ED are temporary and with the help of doctor consultation. The ED complications in diabetic patients can be avoided by maintaining the blood sugar level.

Immune Compromise

Chronic diabetic patients have a low immune system to fight against any infection. The immunity of the diabetic patient is compromised and thus the recovery rate of the diabetic patient takes a longer period compared to non-diabetic. The additional health complication along with the diabetic patient are listed below,
  • Respiratory Infections
  • Increased risk of infection
  • Restrictive Lung Disease
  • Lipohypertrophy

Steps to avoid Diabetic Complications

  • Eat healthy food comprising rich vitamins
  • Never skip your meal 
  • If you find anything abnormal in your health condition then you must do a regular health checkup
  • Intake antioxidants 
  • Regular blood sugar level checkup 
  • Consuming Vitamin D foods 
  • For a diabetic, follow strict medication and insulin consumption to maintain the blood sugar level.

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